Utilization of Renewable Energy (RE) Resources and Increasing Energy Efficiency (EE) in the Southeast Anatolia Region Project (the Project) is being implemented by the Southeast Anatolia Regional Development Administration of Turkish Ministry of Development (GAP RDA), with the technical support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In line with the main vision of the Competitiveness Agenda in 2007 for Southeastern Anatolia Region, the Project aims at developing in sustainable and socially equitable way, and contributing through energy efficiency practices and more widespread use of renewable energy.
RE and EE projects aim at not only testing the technical and implementation in this Region, but also with an integrated approach creating an increasing effect on industry, service, tourism, agriculture fields with additional values such as competitiveness, employment, trained labor, increasing research capacity. With the increase of primary energy supply in Turkey, there is no an improvement observed for the supply of consumption with the production.
The production and consumption ratio is 28,0% in 2008 and is 29,5% in 2009, moreover it is observed that in 2010 the ratio remained at a similar level. These data showed that in Turkey’s primary energy supply, the external dependency is at a level of approximately 70%. The same applies for the production of electricity, more than half of the electricity produced in Turkey are provided from the imports of primary energy sources (mostly natural gas).
On the other hand, 170 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent greenhouse gas emissions in 1990 increased to 372 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent in 2007 in Turkey. Emissions from electricity generation play an important role in this increase, during the same period, with the increase of emissions from 30 to 233%, it reached 100 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent. Read More